The modern European Doberman is a wonderful healthy animal with a magnificent character. Over the past 20 years, the breed has become very popular. But every medal has a flip side: popularity does not always contribute to the improvement of the breed.
It is encouraging, according to the author, that under the influence of a set of tough measures (health research and testing) taken by the German Dobermann club (DV.e. V.) and the International Doberman club (IDC) (President Mr. Hans Wiblishauser), the number of animals allowed for breeding is significantly limited.
To protect the breed from the so-called breeders who, speculating on its popularity, are in a hurry to satisfy their short-term commercial interests and are practically not engaged in breeding, but in the “mass reproduction” of Dobermans (with all the ensuing consequences), a series of tests has been developed in Europe in the main areas of research :
Character test – character tests;
Health Check – health check;
Conformation test – assessments of the exterior.
Using the entire arsenal of tests, studies, established norms and rules, the European community of national Doberman clubs exercises the necessary control over breeding on the basis of strict selection.
The author considers it unacceptable when breeding Dobermans to be guided only by their own ideas about the breed. Of primary importance is the preservation of the main type, which should be controlled by European Doberman clubs, which, in turn, should be governed by IDC rules. Unfortunately, most European Doberman clubs do not have actual power in their countries, but it is encouraging that in the homeland of the Doberman, in Germany, the German Doberman club successfully controls breeding and protection of the breed.
It must be recognized that the developed system of tests and rules is not without some drawbacks, but its advantages and benefits are undeniably more important. First of all, it preserves the genetic basis and stability of the breed, maintaining its condition at a fairly high quality level. This system monitors not only aspects such as the general pedigree level (type), exterior perfection achieved under certain conditions, but also the working qualities, condition of the breed, and also allows you to recognize and recognize the importance of an individual “genetic set” and the health of the breed as a whole.
When breeding, you can not get carried away with only one aspect; for example, beauty to the detriment of working qualities, or vice versa … It must be firmly understood that even a perfectly beautiful Doberman is far from ideally meeting the Standard.
The goal of the true connoisseur of the breed, the breeder is to obtain a healthy, harmoniously built Doberman, with a strong, balanced character (temperament) and huge working capacity. Only the Doberman, possessing all this set of advantages, fully complies with the German Breed Standard, FCI and IDC.
Dogs – both possessing a fighting spirit, protective instincts, but light-boned, with a muzzle down, a hunchbacked back, etc., and anatomically correctly built, but not able to even protect their master – do not deserve the right to be called a Doberman.
The problem is that the Standard gives an idea of the ideal Doberman, and the breeder is forced to work with the pedigree material (very purely far from the ideal) that he has at his disposal. Do not believe that one or another representative of the breed is an ideal. In any, you can find flaws.
The art of breeding is to work thoughtfully and competently, with love and devotion, with the available breeding stock, find the best mating options to avoid the manifestation and repetition of shortcomings in the next generations and, adhering to the requirements of the Standard to the maximum, move closer and closer to the cherished ideal.
Every serious breeder wants a dog of “his breeding” to receive TWO top titles: champion in working qualities (Leistungssieger) and champion in exterior (for example, Bundessieger).
Before starting breeding, it is necessary to clearly define the goal and the final desired result of the work – obtaining dogs of the ideal type with enviable health, harmoniously combining an excellent exterior and good temperament. What method you will use – inbreeding, linebreeding or cross – it does not matter until you manage to achieve the right combination of individuals.
The male and female should complement each other in virtues, and not have the same disadvantages. It is necessary to carefully study their pedigrees, the analysis of which will either confirm your choice, or make you reconsider it.