An attentive owner inspects the dog’s paws after each walk, combining this with wiping or washing. This allows you to quickly detect small cuts and punctures (in which, sometimes, small glass fragments remain), traces of fuel oil and similar substances that can lead to poisoning if the dog licks them, as well as broken claws.
To protect Doberman paws from the negative effects of gravel, asphalt, sand, ice, snow, salt, chemical treatment of roads and uneven hard surfaces, special protective creams for paw pads should be used. Such creams also contribute to the healing of cracks and abrasions, and have a protective and moisturizing effect.
For some reason, it is very common among owners that dogs “erase their claws themselves.” It is possible that a dog walking 5-6 hours a day on different soils does wash them in the warm season. But most of our “sofa” Dobermans sometimes grow completely inadmissible manicures. In addition, some Dobermans have very hard claws that do not grind well even when walking on asphalt.
For the health of the musculoskeletal system of the dog, its nails must be kept short. What is the connection between the claws and the musculoskeletal system? When the dog has too long claws, it starts to put its paw crookedly, in connection with which a foot mark and a cow are formed (i.e. improperly placed paws), which gives an incorrect load on the joints and ligaments. So imperceptibly begin the problems of the entire musculoskeletal system. Long claws simply prevent the dog from walking normally, and if she walks with such claws long enough, it can cause damage to her bones or skeleton.
The claws on the dewclaws are high and do not naturally rub off the ground, so they need to be trimmed periodically. If the claws on the dewclaws are not cut, then the dog can catch on something and tear them off. Such an injury will be very painful for the dog, it will be accompanied by heavy bleeding, and, in addition, there is always the possibility of infection of the wound.
The claw should be so short that in a standing position it does not reach the floor a few millimeters.
There is only one conclusion – you need to cut your claws!
How often should nails be cut?
Most Dobermans need to cut their nails at least once every 1-2 months. One of the signs of the dog’s excessively long claws is their loud clanging on the parquet or sidewalk. Ideally, a dog’s claws should not touch the ground when it is standing.
The structure of the claw.
Before proceeding to claw trimming, it is necessary to familiarize yourself with the structure of the dog’s claw.
The claw consists of two parts. The cornea and the inner “living part” – the pulp – is replete with blood vessels and nerve endings. Usually, our task is to cut off excess keratinized tissue without affecting the “body” of the claw, if injured, it will be painful for the dog and the wound will bleed. In addition, such painful manipulation will permanently discourage the dog from wanting to cut its claws.
What do you need to prepare for clipping?
To trim the dog’s claws, you will need a special nail clipper, and in case you accidentally cut the claw too short, a disinfectant (hydrogen peroxide, iodine) and a cotton pad – in order to stop the blood and treat the damaged area.
How to cut claws.
You should start cutting your claws from the earliest puppyhood, even before the first walks. While the puppy is in the apartment, its claws can not independently grind on hard ground.
Before you begin, carefully examine your dog’s claws to determine where the pulp ends and how much the claw needs to be cut. If the claw pulp is visible, then the claw must be cut no closer than 2 mm from its end. After that, take the dog’s paw and carefully cut its claw. The cut should be done in one neat motion, without jerking or twitching. If you are not sure where to cut, first cut only a small piece. Then carefully inspect the claw, if the end of the cut is dry and layered, this means that the claw can be trimmed a little more. But, if a dark gray / black circle or an oval of a young claw layer is visible in the center of the cut, then it is no longer possible to cut. All dogs have different claws, so some may need to cut more claws than others. In addition, the length of the claws on different fingers of the dog may be the same different.
What to do if you injured a dog?
If, by chance, you hit a vessel and blood appears, do not be alarmed. Nothing terrible happened. Treat the wound with iodine, alcohol or hydrogen peroxide, and then apply dry potassium permanganate or talc to the cotton wool and press it on the wound for 20-30 seconds. Blood will stop quickly. Calm the dog and keep cutting. In these cases, it is very important not to interrupt the procedure so that the dog does not have an association between clipping.