Dobermans were bred in Germany, on the territory of Thuringia in the second half of the 19th century. The breed is named after its founder, Frederick Karl L. Dobermann, who served as a tax collector in Apold. To fulfill his duties, Dobermann needed a reliable assistant, and he thought about creating a breed of dogs exclusively for official purposes. To breed a new breed, the breeder crossed a German Pinscher with a Rottweiler, a German Shepherd and a Manchester Terrier. The blood of hounds and dogs also flows in the blood of Dobermans.
Initially, this breed was known as the Thuringian Pinscher and Dobermann Pinscher. At the beginning of the 20th century. its standards were recognized, and a little later, in the middle of the 20th century, it acquired its modern name.
The life expectancy of a Doberman is 10-13 years.
DIMENSIONS AND WEIGHT. APPEARANCE
According to the standards approved in 2015, the height for a male Doberman at the withers should be 68–72 cm, for a female – 63–68 cm. The admissible weight of a male is 40–45 kg, and for a female 33–35 kg.
Dobermans are strong and at the same time graceful dogs with proportional physique and dry constitution. At the same time, they have developed muscles and a wide bone. The head is not large, with a long and narrow muzzle and an undeveloped forehead. The eyes are small, the ears are set high. The Dobermans neck is not very long, the withers are high. These dogs have a developed, deep and rounded chest, a straight, strong back and a slightly lowered croup. The abdominal wall of the Dobermans should be tightened. The forelegs with a wide bone, strong, are located at right angles to the body, the hind limbs have developed muscles and are slightly set aside. Currently, the tail and ears of the Dobermans do not stop.
The main part of the Dobermans nurseries is located in Moscow, Moscow Region and St. Petersburg. Before you buy a puppy, we recommend that you consult with the breeder, clarify the price and pedigree information of your future pet.
The main color of Dobermans is black or brown with brown-red tints. The coat is short, stiff, fits tightly to the body, the undercoat is not developed.
CHARACTER AND FEATURES
Dobermans have a complex character, which is due to the fact that the selection of dogs during selection was carried out taking into account working qualities. The exterior and habits of the Dobermans are aimed at serving. The sense of smell is very developed, so representatives of this breed work well on the trail. They are very energetic, active, well tolerate high physical and informational loads. Animals with a strong nervous system are balanced, perfectly subordinate and devoted to the owner, adequately respond to stimuli. Dobermans are excellent guards, watchmen, bloodhounds and companions. Dobermans with a weak nervous system are cowardly, can be aggressive and dangerous to others. Therefore, it is better to take the puppy in the kennel from parents with a balanced character and a strong nervous system.
Dobermans need a spacious room – it is difficult for them to be in a small apartment without long active walks.
To educate an obedient Doberman, his socialization from an early age, constant training and high physical activity are required.
Dobermans are unpretentious in grooming: the short coat of these dogs does not require frequent washing. It is necessary to comb out the animal once a week with a special brush and wipe it with a damp towel. For walks in the cold season, it is recommended to use overalls.
An important procedure is also a weekly examination and cleaning of the ears, as well as examination of the teeth and oral cavity of the pet.
The short Doberman coat does not require frequent washing. To remove dead hair, the dog must be wiped with a cloth or a soft brush. For walks in the cold season, you need to use overalls.
Susceptibility to diseases
In general, Dobermans have good health. The most common pathology is dilated cardiomyopathy and cardiac arrhythmias, dysplasia of the elbow joints, osteopathy, coagulopathy, Wobbler’s syndrome, hypothyroidism, and epilepsy are often found.
Due to the high mobility, Dobermans are prone to injuries of the musculoskeletal system, cut and stab wounds. In adult Dobermans, gastric inversion, oncological diseases are found.
It is important to remember that compliance with the conditions of Doberman, as well as preventive veterinary examinations from an early age hinder the development of many diseases.
Due to the physique and level of activity, Dobermans are not suitable for everyday food for ordinary dogs. Athletic build and high activity require increased energy expenditures and, accordingly, a diet high in calories. Purina® PRO PLAN® Large Puppy Athletic full-dry dry food for large breed puppies with athletic physique meets these conditions, and Purina® PRO PLAN® Large Adult Athletic with OPTIBALANCE® for adult dogs. This food not only provides the dog with the necessary energy, but also supports the health of the dentition.