DOBERMAN IN MOVEMENT
DOBERMAN IN MOVEMENT
The Doberman was originally bred for protection and maintenance (the creator of this breed, Friedrich Louis Dobermann, served as a tax collector). The breed found its application for various tasks, such as delivering messages during the war, patrolling military facilities, and working in the police. Doberman is used as a rescue dog, a guide dog and, of course, as a sports dog for obi-diens and agility, for tracing, obedience and protection. Such a variety of applications implies that the Doberman has different gaits.
Some breeds have specific movements that are characteristic of them. An example is the “prancing” step of a miniature pinscher, the creeping lynx of a German shepherd and the amble of an old English shepherd.
It is believed that the most convenient gait for the Doberman is gallop. But if you watch this breed in natural conditions, somewhere in nature, you will find that a step, a lynx, a light gallop, and a quarry are no less convenient for a Doberman. This breed can move with absolutely any gait.
In the show ring, Doberman movements, like most breeds, are evaluated at a lynx, so we will consider this particular gait.
Only those dogs that are able to work for a long time and effectively carry out the tasks assigned to them, while spending the least amount of effort, can be called workers. A productively moving dog has rectilinear movements, which requires a minimum of energy and eliminates bouncing, yawing or swinging on the move, both in horizontal and vertical planes.
An important characteristic of movement is the stride length. The fewer steps required to cover a distance, the less energy will be spent.
In most dogs, the hind limbs provide the main push forward. The back and lower back should be strong so that without loss to transmit the force of the shock to the front of the body. The forelimbs carry about 60% of the weight and give an extra push.
The standard describes Doberman’s movements as “Free, balanced and energetic, with good extension of the forelimbs and a strong push of the hind limbs especially when trotting. The front and hind limbs move rectilinearly and in the same plane. Neither the hind limbs nor the forelimbs turn outward or outward. The back remains strong and strong. On a fast trot, a well-built dog steps on the trail. ”
ASSESSING MOVEMENTS SIDE
Shown below are doberman’s trot movements when viewed from the side.
We begin the discussion with the first provision of the standard describing the Doberman’s movements: “Free, balanced and energetic, with good extension of the forelimbs and a strong push of the hind limbs, especially when trotting.” Pay attention to the extension of the forelimbs and the scope of the hind.
The forelimbs, when carried forward, should approximately reach a line mentally drawn down from the nose. The span of the hind limbs must be in balance with the extension of the forelimbs. As can be seen in Figure 2, the apex of the triangle is directly above the point under the dog’s body, where the front and hind legs (almost in the center of the topline) step. The angle formed by the forward leg extended forward should be equal to the angle formed by the span of the hind leg. Such movements are balanced and correct when viewed from the side.
When evaluating movements, it is important to pay attention to the height of the legs. If the dog raises its front or hind legs too high in movement, it is wasting energy. The lower the legs in relation to the ground, the less energy will be spent. There is an old cynological term, “cut daisies,” which describes the cost-effectiveness of a dog’s movements when its legs lift off the ground to a height sufficient only to cut off the heads of the daisies.
To learn side movements, follow the dog’s steps. On a lynx, the dog continuously runs its legs. The front paw rises to the ground just behind the line of the nose and immediately moves back past the chest line to the point where it comes off the ground to move forward again for a new step. The hind leg opposite it moves simultaneously, but in a different cycle. Being at the maximum amplitude of the reach back, it moves forward, bypassing the line of the croup and lower back, to get to the ground almost on the line of the middle of the hull.
The front paw comes off the ground directly below the center point of the top line and moves forward for the next step. The hind paw rises to the ground almost a trace in the front footprint. Here there is a very short phase, when the dog’s body continues to move forward, while neither the front nor the hind legs touch the ground, which allows the hind leg to stand on the ground at the point where the front leg was just standing.