Doberman breeds philosophy
The Doberman breed has the main types 3: working type (West European or German working lines), European type of show (European show with working capacity) and American type (American show, no working capacity). I cover this topic in more detail in my original article, Working Doberman vs. Doberman Show, In this article I want to discuss the Doberman breeding philosophy and how it affects you as a potential Doberman owner.
Doberman works in tribal philosophy.
What is a working doberman? Working dogs, as a rule, have a natural ability (desire) to perform certain tasks. The work of the Doberman is to protect the owner and his family.
All working dog breeds retain some characteristics characteristic of the breed, but only those that are specially bred for this purpose will act in real situations. Dogs without proper driving will quickly quit work when it becomes difficult or dangerous. Working dogs are self-confident and guided by the work itself. These dogs are suitable for service in the police and army. Dog lovers use these dogs for training in competitions such as Schutzhund / IPO (the most popular sport in the world), French Ring, KNVP and others. Sport for working dogs is usually multidisciplinary and tests the dog’s ability to protect, obey and track. It requires intelligence and great mental and physical strength. The video below details the requirements for an IPO dog.
2-3 years are required to raise and train a working dog for competitive sports or police work. Dobermans mature after 3 years, which makes them their main age at 4 years. This is when they begin to perform stably in competitions (or work). A sports dog’s career usually ends at age 6.
Sport for dogs has several difficulty levels. For example, in Sch / IPO, the lowest level is IPO1 and the highest is IPO3. A dog can go through all three IPO levels in 1-2 years. As soon as the dog received the IPO3 title and began to consistently gain high points in local competitions – only then can it compete at the national and international levels. Dogs competing at this level are usually over 4 years old.
In competitive dog sports, judging is considered to be paid: your score is what you earned. Local club competitions are more generous with points. If you really want to know what the dog is worth, check out how the dog performed in regional, national or international competitions.
Work line breeders mainly use titled dogs in their breeding programs – dogs that have been proven in trials that they have strong working abilities. The pedigree of the correct working dog will be full of titled ancestors (mainly IPO3). Correct breeding along the working line gives stable results (dogs with the right working motives) and does not require intensive inbreeding to achieve this goal.
Given the long and difficult path in training and competition, most working dogs become available for breeding at a later age (3-4 years or older). At this age, dogs with poor health begin to show signs of genetic disease (for example, DCM – degenerative cardiomyopathy). Such dogs (in most cases) are excluded from breeding. Work line manufacturers are especially cautious about the health of the breeding stock. They want the puppies to be healthy for many years of rigorous training and live to a competitive age.
Due to the general poor health of the breed (read about Doberman genetic diseases), there are also breeders who “breed pedigrees” rather than dogs. They want to avoid certain genetics by maintaining a working drive, but neglecting everything else.
The drawback of the working line breeding philosophy is that it mainly focuses on one feature – the dog’s ability to bite. This creates dogs that are “nervous” (unstable), unreasonably aggressive and much less desirable conformation (appearance).
Show the Doberman line in tribal philosophy.
The show line is perhaps the most familiar type. You may have never heard of a working Doberman before, but I’m sure you saw dogs running in circles when they participated in a beauty contest. This is what show dogs do.
Dog trainers who show dogs spend hours teaching their four-legged partners the correct body movement and posture (stack).
In Europe, shows by breed are very complex and attract competitors from many countries. You can compete with 100 other Dobermans for the title of winner of the show. For a breeder, this is a great achievement if one of his dogs won the show. Not only as pride, but also financially. The dog that won the show becomes very desirable for breeding, and there are no restrictions on the number of litters allowed to the dog.