The Doberman Pinscher breed of dog appeared as a result of the experiments of a single person who, in fact, was not even going to create so popular and famous dogs. He just wanted to have a loyal and reliable defender, as he was a tax collector. And, concurrently – an enthusiast for breeding dogs.
It was in the city of Apold, Thuringia (region of Germany) in the 19th century, around 1870 – it was then that the founder of the breed began experiments on crossing Rottweilers, German Pinschers and some terriers. The name of our enthusiast, Louis Doberman. There is no intrigue about the origin of the name of the breed – everything is obvious.
For the first time, the Doberman was demonstrated at a dog show in 1876, and gained great favor with German dog lovers. In 1894, Louis Doberman died, and he carried away the secret of crossbreeding with him – it is still not known exactly which breeds were used to obtain the early Dobermans (except for the above). However, German breeders succeeded in further breeding and improving the breed.
They were very concerned about the development of the useful qualities of the dog, and strove to literally create the perfect dog for protection and protection. To do this, they selected the most intelligent, angry, hardy and strong dogs, and their appearance was less interesting. At the beginning of the 20th century, fame about the Dobermans began to spread – most ordinary people considered these dogs dangerous and aggressive, and were even afraid to get them as a pet.
The situation was positively influenced by the work of Otto Geller – he made the Dobermans more harmonious and suitable for life in the family. Doberman Pinscher was recognized in Germany as a separate breed in 1900. In 1908, the first Doberman was brought to America to participate in a dog show. There, he instantly won the Best in Show award, after which the dog was presented at two more shows in the USA, where she also won first place in the Best in Show. According to legend, after the presentation of the award at the 3rd exhibition, the judge began to examine the teeth of the animal.
In 1921, the Doberman Pincher Club was created in America, and in 1922 this club adopted the German breed standard. Despite the fact that during the First World War the population of these dogs declined very much, especially in Germany, and subsequently, thanks to service in law enforcement and security agencies, the breed’s popularity has increased significantly. After the Second World War, almost all breeding programs were transferred to America, as Germany was going through the most difficult post-war times.
It is believed that if it were not for individuals brought to the United States, the breed would have simply died out. At first, the name Doberman Pincher was commonly used, however, in the mid-20th century, the word Pincher was removed from the breed name.
The Doberman dog breed has a athletic, muscular physique, lean but aesthetic. The legs are long, muscular, and the tail is usually docked. The neck is long, the head is narrow, elongated, the ears are also stopped – this is done in order to improve the hearing of the dog, since if the ears are not stopped, they hang down on the sides of the head, which negatively affects the auditory qualities.
It is traditionally believed that the Doberman is an aggressive and dangerous dog that should be bred as a pet only after serious thought. Especially if you have a family. However, this is not quite true. The thing is that over the past few decades there have been many dishonest breeders who do not monitor the quality of their population. In addition, there is widespread free crossbreeding and improper upbringing.
However, if you buy a dog in a trusted kennel, she has a good pedigree, you took responsibility for choosing a puppy and raise him correctly, this will be a great friend for the whole family. A dog of the Doberman breed within his family is distinguished by great friendliness, openness and trust in the owners.
They are strongly attached to their loved ones and often by default see themselves as the main protector of each member of the family. Moreover – even without special training. Dobermans are good students, they are obedient and usually not stubborn. Many people underestimate the intelligence of these animals, but in vain it is a really smart dog, especially if the owner understands this and contributes to the development of the intelligence of his pet.
This breed has a lot of energy, needs physical activity, training, walks. They like to play various games, including those that develop their minds. Playfulness and children’s character traits persist until 3-4 years. Other pets are accepted normally, but cats are best introduced to them from an early age. They treat children well. Need early socialization. Perfectly suitable as a guard dog, can perform security functions.