Beginning of education and training Doberman
The first is perseverance and gradualness.
Having said something, you need to get the puppy to do it. Worst of all from the point of view of education is inconsistency in requirements. Suppose your little charming Doberman so funny asks for something tasty when you dine, that all members of the family no, no, and give him something. Finally, you firmly decide to “stop this disgrace.” At first everyone behaves, as agreed, but for some reason the puppy does not believe in your firmness. He continues his attempts to beg for something with a vengeance, until someone, unable to stand it, pokes him a piece.
Thus, a negative connection is established between the word “no”, perseverance and reward. From your point of view, you may have taken a step forward, as gave the puppy not ten pieces, but only one. From the dog’s point of view, the opposite is true: if you stubbornly ignore commands, you can always achieve your goal. It turns out that you have encouraged behavior that you yourself consider unacceptable.
Rule two – endless patience. You explained to the puppy what to do and how, and he continues to behave in his own way. Well, then you need to achieve your goal, repeating the exercise over and over again.
The same applies to prohibitions. Let’s say you forbid a puppy to sit at the table when the family is having lunch. He already understood this, but he had to try, all of a sudden, this time the ban does not apply? The patience of a Doberman puppy is endless, he is ready to check the firmness of your inhibitions again and again. In this competition, you should show no less patience when explaining to your puppy that “no” means exactly “no” and not “maybe”.
The third rule is logic and consistency from the point of view of the puppy, not your own. You must learn to put yourself in the place of your friend and predict his reactions.
A lively and active Doberman, especially during forced sitting in four walls, can cause a lot of trouble. Either he gnaws at the legs of a chair, then he drags off slippers. It is possible to punish a puppy only in certain situations, namely at the time of the commission of the “crime”. Punishment after some time after an undesirable action is not only ineffective, but also harmful. The puppy does not associate his misconduct with punishment and resents injustice.
The fourth (but perhaps most important) rule is emotional contact with the puppy.
The owner is not only the person who feeds, teaches, encourages and punishes. It should be interesting and joyful for the puppy to be with the owner, who is his best friend and game organizer. This is the only way to easily switch to training, which will become not a burden and coercion, but a joyful occupation. This means that during the walks the owner’s task is not to spend time communicating with the owners of other animals, but to play with the puppy, controlling his behavior and fixing in his mind the model that is good and fun near the owner. Yes, we must provide the puppy with the opportunity to communicate with other dogs, play and run with them, but still the owner is the best and beloved partner.
How to avoid mistakes in education
We walk with the puppy
A typical mistake in raising a puppy for inexperienced owners is that they go about their business on a walk and then call the puppy to take him on a leash and go home. The Doberman is generally prone to the formation of associative ties, so the approach to the owner for him quickly begins to associate with an unpleasant moment: the end of the walk. After that, such an owner wants his Doberman to learn the command “to me”, but he will certainly encounter difficulties in approaching. But the team “to me” is the most important team that determines the obedience of the dog and, in the future, ensures its safety.
And here is another model of behavior. During walks, starting from a very young age, you need to suspect a puppy several times, encourage it (with your voice, stroking and, from time to time, a treat) and offer an interesting lesson, for example, playing a ball. Then, in the mind of a little Doberman, the idea is gradually laid down that the approach to the owner is a good thing. When he comes up again at the call of the owner, after praise and refreshments, you can say something like: “Well done, now it’s time to go home.” In this case, going home will be perceived by the puppy in a completely different way.
Bonding – how to deal with it?
Another problem that Doberman owners often encounter while walking is barking. Doberman is a very temperamental dog, who is interested in everything. I want to go see, but still a little scary. And, therefore, first the puppy runs to the object that interests him, but halfway stops, takes a formidable look, and can begin to bark. When the puppy is on a leash, his reaction is even more pronounced.
What to do in such cases? To ignore (they say, he is still small, then he will pass by himself) – it is wrong, an unwanted barking will become a habit with Doberman. If you, trying to calm a little puppy, start stroking it, and even treat it tasty, you will thereby encourage and reinforce unwanted behavior.