Doberman: power and elegance
Doberman is the only dog breed named after its founder, not a professional dog handler, but a talented self-taught resident of the German city of Apold, Friedrich Luis Dobermann. This tax collector was involved in breeding for about twenty-five years.
Doberman is considered a relatively young breed, since its formation began only in the middle of the XIX century. Despite its widespread use throughout the world, no one knows exactly which breeds were used to breed the Doberman. Yes, this is not surprising. It is unlikely that Friedrich Dobermann thought about the coming glory, both his own and the breed of dogs he bred. His task was much more modest. He just wanted to get a strong and vicious companion dog that could accompany him on business trips and, if necessary, protect his life and wallet. And since Mr. Doberman also worked on the urban flipper, it was there that he drew material for the realization of his goal, leaving large and fearless animals for breeding.
If we open books in which the history of the Doberman is discussed, we will meet the mention of many breeds whose blood, having mixed, formed a new, persistently inherited set of properties. Mention is made of a German pinscher, a black and tan Manchester terrier, a French smooth-haired shepherd (boseron), a Rottweiler, a greyhound, mastiffs, weimaraners … Is that so, now no one can say, because Doberman did not keep any records. However, a dog was formed from this conglomerate of blood, although it is far from the modern ideal of the breed, but it meets the realities and tasks of that time. Doberman puppies (called Louis Doberman dogs or Thuringian pinchers) are roughly knocked together, strong, jumping and sensitive, possessing innate malice and courage, willingly bought in the area.
A lot has been written about the history of this breed. We will name only one date: 1900, when the German Dobermann Club was founded in the same city of Apolda. By this time, about a thousand people owned these dogs.
Over the next century, the Doberman experienced the fall and rise of popularity, meeting the 21st century in an updated form.
Since 1949, the prefix “pincher” began to disappear from the official name of the breed, since the modern Doberman has far gone in type from its ancestor, the German pinscher. Currently, in all countries except the United States, the breed is simply called “Doberman.”
The modern Doberman is a unique combination of the power that every cell of his muscular body breathes with the elegance that blows from his appearance. You can endlessly admire its noble beauty. The so-called “exhibition stand”, emphasizing the dignity of the exterior of the animal, is inherent in the Doberman from birth. When something attracts his attention, he freezes in a tense stance, with an incomparable top line from a slender, beautifully curved neck, elastic withers to a short cropped tail, with muscular hind legs set back and ready for a jerk. The chiseled lines of the Doberman’s head with a long muzzle and sharp ears complete the whole image of the dog.
In Russia, this breed has been known for a long time. Since 1902, dogs intended for service in the police and army have been exported from German kennels. As a working dog, the Doberman quickly gains popularity. The legendary Tref, engaged in search work, was devoted to articles and even books.
Since the twenties, the Doberman has appeared in the families of dog lovers. In 1925, a section of lovers of Dobermann Pinschers and German Shepherds was established in Moscow. Along with the acquisition of dogs abroad, the population is growing due to domestic breeding. After the Great Patriotic War, when almost all dogs died, they had to start working with the breed almost from scratch.
The end of the fifties and the beginning of the sixties in the USSR were marked by a rise in the popularity of Dobermans. Of course, you should not evaluate these dogs from the perspective of today. The champion of those years, of course, could not take a high place in today’s rings. We would note rude heads with a wide forehead, with overly developed cheek bones, a lightened and pointed muzzle, an underdeveloped skeleton, and lightening of tan marks.
Nevertheless, a good foundation was laid for the development of the breed in the country. The Dobermans of domestic breeding, which happened for the first time abroad, and this happened in 1971 at the World Dog Show in Budapest, were liked by specialists. They were distinguished by strong constitution and good joint angles. All five dogs exhibited at that show were rated “excellent”, and the female Idia became the first in her ring to receive the titles of “Winner” and “Candidate for World Champion”. By the way, a year before, two puppies were taken from Moscow to Hungary and Poland (one of them is Idia’s litter).
In 1972, the Doberman breed, along with some other smooth-haired dogs, such as Great Dane, etc., was bred from DOSAAF as “unsuitable for official use.”