Many in our country do not know about the outstanding qualities of Dobermans because of the notorious fame of aggressive dogs that has entrenched in them. Dobermans are even called the “dog of the devil,” but what is the actual temperament of the representatives of this breed?
How the Doberman grows up depends on the owner. Previously, these dogs were trained by German army soldiers to attack, capture the enemy. That is why there is an opinion that Dobermans are monsters and killers. But for many years, breeders cultivated a calm, balanced character, goodwill and obedience in Dobermans. Now Dobermans are extremely intelligent, sensible dogs, who are also capable of service. If you need a guard, you will not find a better dog! Dobermans “work” in the police, at customs and participate in rescue operations.
Doberman becomes an equal member of the family. He gets along well with children, protects the property of the owner, himself, friends of his family, and so on. Doberman is always on guard. The main amazing feature of these dogs is that they do not need to explain what is good and what is bad: they themselves feel the difference. If you want an affectionate and friendly dog, treat him accordingly, in no case do not use violence in your training, because Dobermans will perceive your actions as a challenge to the battle.
Only a balanced, confident, strong character person who can immediately show his four-legged friend “who is the boss in the house” can become the real owner of a Doberman. This beautiful, elegant dog will become your faithful friend, protector and support.
Doberman has a chiseled, dry and muscular body, short and shiny coat. Color – black with rusty tan. This dog is distinguished by strength, intelligence and militancy. She is a perfect watchman and protector.
Doberman combines power and elegance. He is medium in size, energetic, has an excellent reaction and rapid movements. He needs daily physical activity to maintain himself in good shape.
The head of a Doberman is an important pedigree trait. In shape, if you look at it from the side, it resembles a dull wedge, all lines are clear. Ears set high, cropped. Doberman’s eyes are medium sized, oval, dark. The brow arc is expressed. The tail is also docked according to breed standard.
Ideal height: 68–72 cm in males, 63–68 cm in females. Weight – 40–45 and 32–35 respectively.
This breed owes its birth to Friedrich Luis Dobermann, a tax collector from Apold (Germany). In connection with the peculiarities of his profession, he was forced to carry large amounts of money, as well as face dissatisfaction and anger of debtors. Doberman wanted to find a smart, fast-moving, militant, terrifying-looking dog that could guard him while he was going home. Friedrich Dobermann became a regular exhibitor in Apold, looking for his ideal there.
In 1880, the tax collector and his associates took the first steps to create a new service dog breed. For breeding, dogs with incomparable working qualities, active, quick-witted, sensitive and warlike species were selected. Such breeds as Rottweilers, Old German Pinschers, Great Dogs, Greyhounds, German Shepherds, Setter Gordon and others were presumably involved in the cross. In addition, the mestizos of these breeds were also selected if they met the requirements for the exterior and character that the Doberman determined for their dogs.
This breed of fearless hunting dogs with short hair, which does not require complicated care, has been dubbed the “Thuringian pinscher” in honor of the German land of Thuringia. After the death of Frederick Louis Doberman in 1894, the breed was renamed the “Doberman Pinscher.” Subsequently, the prefix disappeared from the name, since the Dobermans did not have much in common with the pinchers.
It used to be that the character of the Dobermans was comparable to a “loaded gun”, but thanks to the long and painstaking work of dog handlers, qualities such as aggressiveness and ferocity were supplanted from the breed, but strength and courage remained untouched. Viciousness, like cowardice, are considered breed defects.
The breed standard was approved in 1910 by the International Cynological Federation. The final appearance of the Doberman was formed by Otto Geller, who distributed this breed in the countries of South and North America. Dobermans were brought to Russia in 1902. In 1908, at the first All-Russian test of police dogs, the Doberman named Tref was recognized as a first-class service-search dog. Tref’s parents were bred in the von Thuringen kennel, owned by Otto Geller.
Initially, Dobermans in Russia were used in the army and police, but they soon gained popularity as pets among the Russian intelligentsia. The well-known dog handler of that time V. Lebedev was engaged in this breed in our country, who appreciated the multifunctionality of the Dobermans, their grace and devotion to their master. Dobermans have a striking flair and intuition. They still regularly “serve” a person.