Friedrich Louis Doberman
“It is still unclear whether the removal of the Doberman is the result of ingenious selection, or is it pure coincidence.” Ernst Wilking.
The founder of the breed is Friedrich Louis Dobermann, who was born on January 2, 1834, in the small town of Apolda, in southern Germany. The range of activity of this outstanding person was incredibly large. It is known, for example, that he worked as a night policeman, was a tax collector, worked on a flipper where, according to some versions, he bought up breeding material that fed meat from a city cattle slaughterhouse, where he also once worked.
“Legends still circulate about Friedrich Louis Doberman. In some, he figures as a brilliant breeder-delitant with a high aesthetic sense and phenomenal intuition, in others he acts as the favorite of fortune, who accidentally attacked the“ gold mine ”. (E. Rosenberg )
What was the reason for the breeding of a new breed? There are also a lot of guesses and versions. Here is one of them: “As a tax collector, and also working as a night policeman, Friedrich Louis naturally exposed his life to dangers, and he needed a satellite next to which he could feel absolutely calm. Apparently this is a circumstance, as well as personal qualities character of the creator himself was the beginning. In any case, it is known that the main principle of selecting dogs for breeding work was a set of working qualities. Ernst Wilking wrote: “Dobermann from the very beginning was completely defined nd goal – to bring the strong, vicious dog, not fearful of shots and bastinado. ”
Further, I would like to again turn to the famous breeder, the leader of breeding Dobermans in Russia, E. Rosenberg, who, expanding this topic, writes: “Dogs of a certain constitution, as a rule, possessed anger, distrust of strangers and activity, mobile, not loose, not small, but and not too large. It went without saying that when selecting animals according to their behavioral characteristics, Dobermann simultaneously selected certain external and exterior characteristics. In fact, the breeder used As relatively close to each other types. To a large extent, this was the secret of quick success. It must be said that the appearance of the first Dobermans was very far from today. They were rather rough, stocky, somewhat awkward dogs, with undercoat and coarse hair. They were unusually fierce, active, possessed of good instinct, and therefore served as excellent watchmen and guards.Looking at them it was hard to imagine that after a couple of decades the breed will find the perfect beauty of proportions, elasticity and ease of movement, having lived ivy character. ”
What breeds were the ancestors of the Dobermans? It is impossible to answer this question exactly, since Louis Dobermann himself unfortunately did not leave any entries in this regard. It is known that a shepherd, a number of hunting dogs, a Great Dane, a Thuringian pinscher were used.
Some researchers of the ancestors of the Doberman mention the butcher black and tan dogs, most likely the ancestors of the modern Rottweiler.
Rottweiler undoubtedly played an important role in the formation of the breed. But one cannot ignore the valuable qualities possessed by other, different breeds of dogs in the selection of Doberman. These are hunters and shepherd dogs, possibly just mongrels with extraordinary abilities. One thing is clear – all these qualities and abilities merged and entrenched in a new breed, whose name is Doberman. It is this circumstance that explains the fact that, according to the spectrum of activity and the breadth of use, the Doberman today left far behind other representatives of the canine world. He successfully combines the courage, courage and fearlessness of the Rottweiler, perseverance, perseverance and a great pincher flair, intelligence, excitement and the plasticity of a shepherd.
The amazing working qualities of this breed could not go unnoticed. In 1899, the first Doberman club was created, from where the Doberman started its triumphal procession. The popularity of this noblest breed grew rapidly, conquering the whole world. Dobermans were the best police dogs, showing miracles of courage in combination with natural intelligence, they broke all records of the search and detention of criminals. Guinness World Records Tracking Record also belongs to the Doberman.
The head of the Department of Military Dogs in Germany, Dr. Bruckner, who highly appreciated this breed and believed that the Doberman is the best wanted dog he had ever seen, testifies. Here is his report: “The outstanding abilities of the Doberman are shown in special tests, during which he worked on average for 45 minutes in a 17 km cycle track and even for half an hour at night. A V-shaped track, 1200 m long, preserved in a dry forest, Doberman discovered after 90 days. ”
Interesting facts about the use of Dobermans in the USA are provided by the famous Dutch specialist J.V.D. Zwan. He talks about the service of this breed in the US Marine Corps during the Second World War.